The impact of globalization on the Swedish labor market
In recent decades, the Swedish economy has been globalized at a rapid pace. A large proportion of production is exported, and more inputs and consumption are being imported. Specialization has also increased. With Swedish register data, the authors examine how this development has affected companies and the demand for different skills. The report also studies the impact of globalization on matching and wage dispersion in the Swedish labour market. Ultimately, the authors write about the relationship between globalization and digitalization and how new technologies affect companies and the workforce.
Researchers: Fredrik Heyman, Associate Professor in Economics, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, and Fredrik Sjöholm Professor in Economics, Lund University. Publication planned for May 2018.
The organisational conditions for managers in the public sector
Managers in the public sector are key players when it comes to creating healthy and productive public organisations. Nevertheless current trends indicate we are moving towards a working environment in which managers are encompassed by organisational change, financial cutbacks and shifting psychosocial working conditions. The report describes empirical studies of managers’ workloads, the balance between demands and resources in managerial work and the supporting organisational structures for managers. It also addresses the consequences of organisational conditions on managers’ performance, health, motivation and turnover. The authors present potential policy proposals emerging from the research results.
Researchers: Linda Corin, PhD in Work Science, and Lisa Björk, PhD in Work Science, Västra Götalands Region
Digital Tools in Education. On Usage, Effects and the Role of the Teacher
Information and communication technologies (ICT) in schools is high on the agenda for stakeholders in both politics and academia. This report describes empirical studies on the impact of digital learning materials in primary, secondary and adult education (excluding higher education) in the Netherlands. The report discusses the policy implications of the research results for Sweden.
Researcher: Carla Haelermans, Researchers in Economics, Maastricht University.
SNS Analys 39: Immigration and the Native Labor Market – Experiences from Denmark
The study analyzes the mobility of native workers’ mobility, wages and employment in response to the influx of refugees to Denmark 1995–2003.
Researcher: Mette Foged, PhD in Economics, University of Copenhagen
Choosing education. Implications for the individual and society.
The educational system is central for the supply of human capital in society. In this report, three themes related to educational choices and career are analyzed and discussed, based on current economics research: Study advice, the curriculum at upper secondary school, and adults in formal education.
Researcher: Anders Stenberg, Associate Professor in Economics, Stockholm University.
SNS Analys 36: Talent Management in Swedish organizations
This study provides an overview of how talent management is used in Sweden. It is based on 56 interviews with HR executives and other senior managers in 30 organizations from both private and public sectors.
Researchers: Kajsa Asplund, Ph.D. student of Business Administration, Stockholm School of Economics, and Pernilla Bolander, Associate Professor of Business Administration, Stockholm School of Economics.
SNS Analys 34: Nordic family policy and gender equality in the labor market
This study presents the empirical economic research on how family policy affected the equality developments in the Nordic countries’ labor markets, and the role it may have to tackle today’s challenges.
Researchers: Julian Vedeler Johnsen, Ph.D. in Economics, University of Bergen, and Katrine Vellesen Løken, Professor of Economics, University of Bergen.
SNS Analys 33: Regional Inequality in Sweden. A Historical Analysis
Regional gaps in Sweden have increased since 1980. This development involves political challenges. Major regional inequalities threaten the cohesion of society and can reduce the legitimacy of the municipal redistribution system. The publication sets out the past 30 years of increasing regional differences in historical terms.
Researcher: Kerstin Enflo, Associate Professor of Economic History, Lund University.
SNS Analys 32: Working Robots
Despite all the discussions about the possible consequences of automation, there are almost no systematic analysis of the economic effects of robots. In this study, the authors examine the impact of the increasing use of robots in industry have had on productivity and employment.
Researchers: Georg Graetz, Researcher in Economics, Uppsala University, and affiliated to till London School of Economics, and Guy Michaels, Researcher in Economics, London School of Economics.
Between Jobs: Job Security Agreements and Support to Dismissed Employees in Sweden
In this book, the job security agreements, the job security councils that supply the support, and their role on the Swedish labour market are described and analysed. Focus is on case studies of five job security councils.
SNS Analys 28. Technological Development and Job Polarisation.
Studies in several OECD countries show that there has been an increase in the share of high-wage jobs and low-wage jobs in relation to jobs with more average wages in the last few decades. The report describes theories that explain this pattern. One possible reason is increased digitalisation. Furthermore, there is an analysis of the relationship between technological development and job polarisation on the Swedish labour market since 1975.
SNS Analys 25. Youth unemployment cannot be solved by retirement of current employees
A larger number of elderly people on the labour market does not constitute any threat to the ability of young people finding jobs. An increase in the number of people who want to and can work leads to the creation of more jobs. Thus, youth unemployment is not affected by a higher retirement age. This is the conclusion in an SNS analysis by Anders Forslund, Professor of Economics at Uppsala University.