Gender differences in educational outcomes
Boys have worse educational outcomes than girls. Using US data, the first part of the study shows that in higher-quality schools the gender gap in both skills and behavioral outcomes shrinks, with essentially no boy-girl disparity in outcomes at the very best schools. The first part of the study is written by David Autor, Ford Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, together with co-authors. A similar pattern exists in Swedish schools. This result is shown in the second part of the study, written by Anna Sjögren, Associate Professor, Institute for Labour Market and Education Policy Evaluation (IFAU), on data from the National Agency for Education.
Families in the 21st Century
The book takes a close look at the state of the family in the 21st century. Is the family eroding or can we identify a revival? How is gender equality developing and how does it affect the future of the family? Are families polarizing and, if so,what does this mean for children´s life chances? To answer these and other questions the report presents a theoretical framework and analyses the available data to draw conclusions. Researcher: Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Professor of Sociology, Pompeu Fabra University.
Children in Foster Homes. Suggested measures that would make a difference to society’s most vulnerable
This book focuses on possible measures to improve the situation for children in foster homes. With the background of existing research, a number of measures are suggested that the authors believe would improve the situation of children placed in foster homes. The authors also discuss how these measures could be implemented in legislation and regulations. Researchers: Bo Vinnerljung, Professor of Social Work, Stockholm University, and Titti Mattsson, Professor of Public Law, Lund University.
Social investment funds in Sweden – Facts and Lessons
Social investments are designed to counter narrow-thinking and shortsightedness, according to the author. This report deals with the social investment funds that in recent years have become common in municipalities in Sweden. The report describes how these work today and also provides recommendations on how they can be developed. Researcher: Lars Hultkranz, Professor of Economics, Örebro University.
To Evaluate Social Investments
The report focuses on evaluation of social investment. The report describes suitable methods of evaluation, but also notes that they are used in a fairly small extension today. Researcher: Lars Hultkranz, Professor of Economics, Örebro University.
Better to be Rich and Healthy: Family Background and Children’s Health
There are large differences in health among children in Sweden and these differences are related to parents’ income and education. Children of parents who receive economic assistance from the municipality are particularly vulnerable. These children get sick to a considerably larger extent as compared to other children. The authors have analysed the relationship between background and health today as compared to the beginning of the 1990’s. Researchers: Eva Mörk, Professor of Economics, Uppsala University; Helena Svaleryd, Associate Professor of Economics, Uppsala University; and Anna Sjögren, Associate Professor of Econonmics, IFAU.
SNS Analys 21. The Alcohol Experiment: from the Womb to Adulthood
The study has examined the effects of a policy that came into effect during the period from November 1967 to June 1968, when the areas of Gothenburg, Bohus and Värmland legalized the purchase of beer in grocery stores. As a result of this legalization, the alcohol consumption increased in these counties. One conclusion is the need for increased knowledge of the measures which effectively compensates for disadvantages early in life, for example as a result of premature birth or other health problems in children’s early development. Researcher: Peter Nilsson, Ph.D., Stockholm University.